Inventory Financing Vs. Invoice Factoring

Inventory Financing, Invoice Factoring and Other Smart Liquidity Solutions to Avoid a Cash Flow Crisis 

As every brand merchant knows, producing and managing inventory can be both challenging and rewarding.  Among the most critical challenges that brands face is effectively managing product lifecycles to prevent inventory obsolescence and optimize cash flow.  Whether a brand is looking to expand its product offering, fulfill seasonal production demands, or fuel rapid growth, access to financing solutions to quickly obtain necessary funds is crucial to success.  Overcoming the product challenges and financial roadblocks standing in the way of one’s business goals requires expertise in inventory management, cash flow dynamics, and a comprehensive understanding of available financing options such as inventory financing and invoice factoring.  

Financing vs. Factoring:  What’s the Difference, and How Do They Work?

While these phrases are sometimes used interchangeably, invoice factoring and inventory financing are actually two distinct options that can provide a brand merchant with swift access to cash in order to maintain normal business operations during cash flow interruptions. While both serve the purpose of providing immediate working capital, it’s important to understand their unique advantages and considerations. 

Inventory Financing

Inventory financing functions as a type of short-term loan option that operates differently than traditional bank term loans. Unlike conventional loans that call for leveraging current property, assets, or equipment, inventory financing allows manufacturers to utilize their existing inventory as collateral when purchasing new inventory for their production cycle.

The benefits of inventory financing are significant and can serve as a driving force for improved capital and operations management, particularly in terms of cash flow optimization. By unlocking the value of a brand merchant’s current inventory and transforming it into working capital, brands gain the financial resources necessary to cover expenses and fuel business growth.  Extra purchasing power improves supply chain management and helps manufacturers negotiate better terms with suppliers thereby reducing costs and streamlining operations.  This financial flexibility can significantly reduce the risks associated with stock issues by adjusting inventory levels in response to changing market demands, and by providing added protection from any losses brought on by waste or obsolescence. Not only can brand manufacturers improve their financial stability, streamline operations, and keep a competitive edge by utilizing this funding option, by maximizing the value of their inventory, they’re able to unleash their full potential for success and growth.


Invoice Factoring

Factoring, which is sometimes referred to as debt factoring, invoice factoring or accounts receivable factoring is a type of financing that allows brands to sell their outstanding invoices to a third-party factoring company, providing the brand merchant with immediate working capital. Basically, a factoring company will pay a brand most of the invoiced amount immediately, then collect payment directly from that brand’s customers. 

One of the ways factoring differs from inventory finance is that it does not involve pledging inventory, machinery or other assets as collateral, since it is not a loan but rather a separate transaction in the form of a direct sale of a brand’s current invoices to the factoring company.  Also, factoring is often set up on an ongoing monthly basis for a fixed period of time, as opposed to inventory financing which is commonly used on an as-needed basis for occasional cash infusions.

While invoice factoring can provide immediate working capital, there are some potential drawbacks that brands should take into consideration with this option. First and foremost, factoring invoices at a discount can dramatically reduce a brand’s profit margins. Also, the brand’s buyers may view the change in payment terms or third-party involvement as a sign of financial instability, which could impact relationships and trust. Furthermore, factoring means brands must give up control over collections and customer relationships, as this becomes the responsibility of the factor. The creditworthiness of the brand’s buyers can even come into play, potentially having an impact the brand’s ability to secure favorable factoring terms. If the brand’s customers have poor credit, brand merchants may face higher factoring fees or restrictions. Although factoring is one tactical option brands can utilize to swiftly access cash, it’s important to evaluate whether the benefits outweigh the potential downsides of reduced profits, perception issues, loss of control, and customer credit risk exposure.

The bottom line is that both inventory financing and factoring enable brand merchants to quickly access the working capital they need to seize opportunities and overcome challenges. Inventory financing uses a company’s existing inventory as collateral for a short-term cash loan, while factoring sells a company’s accounts receivable invoices to a third party for immediate cash. By understanding the unique characteristics and mechanics of each option, brands can make the best financing decisions for their specific circumstances and goals.  


If most of your working capital is locked up in inventory, click the link below to speak with one of the inventory experts at Manufactured.  Our solutions specialists can help you navigate complex financing options while providing valuable information and insights, so you can choose the option that’s best for you. With our inventory support programs and flexible terms we can help brands avoid a liquidy crisis by bringing their balance sheet and inventory supply into alignment. 

Learn how to apply for a vendor financing, and get help receiving purchase order financing. Manufactured helps customers in over 20 categories across 25 countries with Private Label Products Financing for Amazon Sellers Inventory Financing